Who can Initiate the marriage process?
The marriage process may be initiated by:
- the individuals who intend to get married or by their representatives with special powers
- by the priest or religious minister of a church or religious community established in Portugal, through a request.
Who can get married?
Any individual over 16 years old.
However, if any of the engaged parties is not yet 18 years old, the parents or guardian’s authorization is necessary. This authorization may be waivered by the civil registry office, through a specific process.
To get married, no marriage impediments may be observed
During the marriage process, the registry office verifies if there are no impediments to the marriage of those two individuals. If there are no impediments, the registry office authorizes the marriage.
As marriage impediments are deemed:
- being under 16 years old
- suffering from visible dementia, even during the lucid periods
- being an accompanied individual of legal age and the court having determined the impossibility to get married (an accompanied individual of legal age is an individual who cannot - fully, personally and consciously - exercise their rights and comply with their duties due to health, disability or behavioural reasons)
- being married (even if the marriage occurred abroad and has not been registered in Portugal)
- the engaged parties are related: sisters or brothers, mother, father, daughter/son, grandmother/grandfather, grandchildren, aunt/uncle, niece/nephew
- the engaged couple had a paternal responsibility relationship
- the engaged couple has any of the following affinity relationships: stepchildren, mother/father-in law, daughter/son-in-law
- one of the engaged parties was convicted as the author or accomplice of a knavish homicide (that is, intentional), even if not completely carried out, against the individual to whom the other engaged party was married
- the lack of consent of the parents or guardian if the engaged party is under 18 years old, when that authorization was not waivered by the registry office
- the engaged couple is bound by a guardianship, accompaniment of an individual of legal age or legal management of goods
- one of the engaged parties is awaiting the sentence for a knavish homicide (that is, intentional), even if not completely carried out, against the individual to whom the other engaged party was married.