Various types of support and benefits are available for families in different situations. These include assistance during pregnancy and childcare, maintaining a work-life balance and support structures for the elderly, allowing individuals and families to find a number of solutions to meet their specific needs.
This guide provides information on various services available in relation to pregnancy, pre-school support, family allowance and child benefit, parental allowances, adoption, achieving a work-life balance, children and young people at risk, disabilities, illness, invalidity, dependency, informal carers, the elderly and financial hardship.
Assistance during pregnancy
In this section you will find information about the benefits women are entitled to when prevented from working due to medical risks during pregnancy. You will also find information about existing benefits for pregnant women and new mothers who are exposed to specific risks in the workplace which may jeopardise their health and safety. Lastly, the support available in cases of medically certified pregnancy terminations, to replace the lost income from work, is outlined.
Support for children and young people
Various services and institutions are available (childminders, crèches, preschools, free-time activity centres and holiday centres) to support families with the care and development of children and young people while the parents or persons with parental responsibility are working.
Support is available from Social Security to help families with the costs relating to the schooling of their children, including family allowances and study grants. These benefits go up in the case of single parents and large families.
Social support for children and young people at risk
There are various structures that can help children and young people who are in dangerous situations to live in a safer and more family-oriented environment, providing them with healthcare and education, for example. Here you will find information about support centres, shelters and street teams working to defend the rights and ensure protection of these children and young people.
Support for parents
Mothers and fathers are entitled to support and benefits to compensate for the work income lost while looking after their children. In this section you will find all the information you need on support relating to parental leave, adoption and achieving a good work-life balance.
People with disabilities
People with disabilities who find themselves in a situation of socio-economic deprivation and inequality, dependency or social vulnerability may be entitled to certain social assistance.
Examples include social support, such as the provision of care and services at home or passenger transport, and financial aid to help parents or family members bear the extra costs of supporting people with disabilities. You will also find information on social inclusion benefits for special needs education and funding for assistive aids.
Informal carers are persons who regularly or permanently take care of other people in a state of dependency. In addition to applying for recognition of informal carer status, which allows you to benefit from various types of support, find out how you may be entitled to the primary informal carer support allowance.
Support for dependency
Financial aid is available to compensate for the increased costs resulting from situations where a person needs permanent care provided by another person (dependency). There is also a dependency supplement, which is granted to those who are dependent on the help of another person to satisfy their basic everyday needs, such as domestic services, help eating and hygiene care.
Social support for the elderly
People over the age of 65 have access to various types of support, services and institutions that enable them not only to ensure their basic needs are met, but also to maintain an active lifestyle with a good standard of living in a safe and stable environment. In this section you will find information on solidarity supplements, home help, care homes and family residences, day centres, night reception centres and leisure centres, and also specific initiatives for elderly emigrants.
People who are permanently incapacitated for work, not through an occupational cause, may be entitled to the invalidity pension. In cases where persons are given a prognosis of a rapid evolution towards a complete loss of autonomy with a negative impact on their work, they may be entitled to special invalidity protection.
Support in the event of illness and death
Where persons are unable to work due to illness, whether on a temporary or permanent basis, they may be entitled to financial aid to compensate for the loss of remuneration. Persons suffering from work-related illnesses may also be entitled to medical assistance, treatment, medicines and other care. In the event of death due to an occupational disease, the deceased’s family may be compensated for the loss of income resulting from the death of the family member. There are also child care and grandchild care allowances.
Financial hardship support
A household is considered to be in a situation of financial hardship when its average monthly income, divided by the number of persons, is less than EUR 653.64. To help such families, certain support and benefits are available, such as entitlement to the income support supplement, exemption from paying SNS charges and also legal advice in relation to court proceedings.
Information updated on 16 August 2023